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Muhrhoferweg 13-19, 1110 Vienna
Year of construction: 1971-1972
Architects: Walter Schneider, Karl Musil, Franz Kahrer, Anton Holtermann, Walter Klingraber, Otmar Patak, Franz A. Bayer
Living in Vienna
In the 1970s, began a first wave of redevelopment of existing apartments of the City of Vienna to raise the standard of living. In addition, around 16,500 new homes were built from 1972 to 1977. The housing shortage was eliminated. Now, new facilities should also insert better into their environment, to turn away from the traffic, public easily accessible and equipped primarily with the necessary local amenities. This is also a basic idea of "Red Vienna" from the 1930s, moved back into the center: It emphasis was placed on the socialization of living again . In 1978 the foundation stone of the 200,000 th apartment has been celebrated since 1923.
The residential complex Muhrhoferweg 13-19 describes the northern phase of construction of the first section of the two components of the housing estate Muhrhoferweg-Mühlsangergasse. The whole complex was built in five years on formerly agricultural or used for vegetable growing areas and provides housing for approximately 3,000 inhabitants. The plant represents the end of the eastern city development axis "Kaiser Ebersdorfer Street".
The residential complex is one of the second generation of Viennese housing estates. Due to the more nascent critique of the free-standing row development of the first generation was now trying to connect to the traditional Wiener model of courtyard development. Therefore, we added the orthogonal standing Scheibenbauten to hofbildenden building together. In addition, the second phase of the Vienna prefabricated building is characterized by the abandonment of the only four – and neungeschoßigen residential buildings. Of which promised to be more variability.
The polygonal settlement area is in the north-west by the Etrichstraße, orthogonal to extend limited by the Valiergasse as well as in the northeast and east by the Muhrhoferweg and is the northernmost part of the overall settlement. The residential complex consists of altogether 15 stairways, which are combined into an E-shaped group of buildings. The individual houses are offset ranked either to each other or are orthogonal to each other in order to achieve the E-shaped building. Three different house types are used to find the both the first member South (Muhrhoferweg 13-19) and the second component (Muhrhoferweg 1-5) use. Communities have all three types of houses the central, internal circulation and the radial arrangement of four or five apartments per floor, resulting in relatively large residence tract depths. Each apartment of seven-to eleven-story apartment buildings has a loggia. Through the preliminary storage of the loggia in front of the apartment are additional to any already planning Fassadenvor and back projections risalits that result in a strong structuring of facades together. The residential buildings are all basement, the basement average of one meter from the terrain rises, which in turn – forms the base zone – even contrasting. No thermal renovation yet been carried out on the buildings of the residential complex, so typical for the precast construction Fassadenrasterung is well recognized.
And the art …
North of the Valiergasse at the height of the stairs 17 is designed by Hans Knesl, five-meter high stone sculpture "towering form", which was produced after his death by Bernhard Leitner.
The residential building is named after the adjacent street to the southeast. In 1971, the street was named after Rudolf Muhrhofer. Rudolf Muhrhofer (1885-1959) was warehouse manager of consumption Kaiserebersdorf and 1919-1934 District Council in Simmering. Above all, his social engagement made him known beyond the county borders.
The residential building was partially renovated in 1995 and 1996. An extensive refurbishment took place in 2010. Among other things, the facades were provided with a thermal insulation system. This, and the replacement of windows and doors could the heating costs for the tenants, but also the carbon dioxide burden on the environment are reduced.
Walter Schneider – Walter Schneider, born on 01/14/1920 in Aigen in Ennstal, 1947-1955 studied architecture at the Technische Hochschule in Vienna. 1963-2004, he led his own architectural office. In addition to four community buildings he erected numerous industrial buildings, daycare homes and with the MA 19, the office building in the Favorites road. With the German architect Krawina he worked in exhibition design, exhibition numerous designs in Vienna were realized by the two .
Karl Musil – To form the architect Karl Musil (1924-1996) are no data known. For the municipality of Vienna he was planning among others, the residential complex Wielemans Gasse 18-22 in Vienna 18 (1956-1958). In his many years of shared office with Otto Ceska last was the residence Promenadegasse 44 in Wien 17 (1991 /92).
Kahrer Franz – Franz Kahrer (1900-1970) studied from 1918 at the Technical University of Vienna, where he received his degree, however, until 1928. He then worked for the City of Vienna as an architect for whom he built several residential buildings, such as the homes Althanstraße 27 and 33 in Vienna 9.
Anton Holtermann – Anton Holtermann (1923-1995) studied from 1951 to 1956 at the Vienna School of Applied Arts in Oswald Haerdtl. For the municipality of Vienna he designed among other things, along with Walter Schneider and Klaus Aggermann the Bruno-Kreisky-Hof in Vienna 17 ( Hernalser main road 230 , 1985-1987) and the residential complex Alszeile 57-63 in Wien 17 (1983-1986). The plant erected in 1974 Engerthstraße 189-191 in Vienna 2 ("E-business reasons") was developed in collaboration with Hugo Potyka and Engelbert Eder.
Walter Klingraber – Walter Klingraber (1927-1978) studied from 1948 to 1952 architecture at the Technical University of Vienna. For the municipality of Vienna he was involved in the designs of residential buildings Muhrhoferweg 7-11 (1972 /73) and Muhrhoferweg 13-19 (1971 /72) in Vienna 11.
Otmar Patak – Otmar Patak (1907-2002) studied architecture at the Technical University of Vienna, where he also received his doctorate in 1932. Among other things he was (1980-1983) involved for the city of Vienna in a study group at the plans for the residential complex Ottakringerstraße 194-196 in Vienna 16.
Franz A. Bayer – Franz A. Bayer (1912-1988) studied from 1935 at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna with Peter Behrens. For the municipality of Vienna he designed among other things, residential complexes Tivoligasse 4-6 in 12th district (1961-1963) and Lorenz-Mandl-Gasse 36-38 in Wien 16 (1958 /59).